Tip Top Annex




Otto Kuhler
The Hiawatha's Designer
Concerned about losing all characteristics of a steam locomotive under excessive Shrouding, I pointed out the difficult servicing of moving parts, the additional weight, increased maintenance cost. etc. Wind tunnel tests had shown theoretically that this shape was it. Reluctantly I gave in and did my best with a carefully planned paint scheme of Black, battleship grey, Milwaukee yellow, and Maroon as well as chromeplated ornamental wings and handrails, to lower the high silhouette of a comparatively short engine. I fought desperately for retaining the steam whistle and argued long enough to have one located under the grill next to the headlight. It too was abandoned later and replaced with a modern airhorn. However, the immediate, high success of the new trains proved my concerns based on my life-long loyalty to the iron horse unjustified. But I did get disgusted everytime an uninitiated person asked me: "Is that a Diesel?"
-- Otto Kuhler: My Iron Journey, Denver 1967; 2nd ed. Boulder 1978

Otto Kuhler with his son Renaldo in Blauvelt, N.Y., about 1940. The photo appeared in The American Magazine. The draperies are in the same Hiawatha motif as the dining car menu at right.

Material on Otto Kuhler, courtesy of H. E. Lessing

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“THE FASTEST STEAM LOCOMOTIVE IN THE WORLD”: THE HIAWATHA,
the First of Two to Run Between Chicago and St. Paul, Designed for a Speed of Two Miles a Minute as the Answer to the Compeition of the Diesel Engines, Breaks Through a Red, Whie and Blue Veil at the Works in Schenectady, N. Y., Where It Was Built.
(Times World Wide Photo, May 5, 1935.)

Brochure . . . continued,

its semi-shrouded wheels and immense 7-foot drivers, it is sensational in appearance . . . and it is just as sensational in design and performance. It has a cruising speed of 100 miles per hour, and a top speed of two miles per minute.

The locomotive of the Hiawatha is oil burning, so that it can make long runs without refueling; Alemite lubrication throughout does away with the need of oiling between terminals. Electric welding of seams and the combining of many parts ordinarily cast separately into huge, one-piece steel casting gives it great strength. Its high pressure, fire-tube boiler carries super-heated steam under working pressures up to 300 pounds per square inch, about 50% more than the standard locomotive. It is carefully streamlined to reduce wind resistance, and its design enables it to take curves at high speed without sidesway or strain. Roller bearings on every wheel of engine, tender and train smooth the ride and permit rapid acceleration, while 2-shoe, clasp type brakes of every wheel of engine, tender and train make stopping swift, sure and safe.

In short, the locomotive of the Hiawatha is completely engineered right from rails to recessed smokestack, to provide the utmost in smooth, high speed travel, and to do it -- day in and day out -- without fuss or strain.

New! Light-Heavy Equipment!
Completely Air-Conditioned

The six cars comprising the equipment of the Hiawatha are of the stream-tyled type, specially developed and used by The Milwaukee Road. They are sturdy, steel cars of welded construction. As long as standard cars and four inches wider inside, the coaches contain fewer seats and consequently provide one-third more room per passenger. Yet their special construction reduces the weight to about one-third less than that of conventional cars.

All the cars are air conditioned with a scientifically designed system of ventilation that provides constant circulation of cool, clean air without any uncomfortable drafts. All are equipped with roller bearings, rubber-mounted trucks and sound-deadened walls so that they will ride smoothly and silently even at extreme speeds.

New! Restaurant-Buffet Car

Heading the six stream-styled cars of the Hiawatha is a unique combination restaurant-buffet. This car is fitted with a complete modern kitchen of The Milwaukee Road’s “Dan Healy” type and has all the equipment needed for the preparation and service of the distinguished cuisine that is famous among those who have traveled the Road.

The Tip Top Tap Room is a brand new feature not found on any other train. This smart, gayly-decorated lounge room has a striped, composition floor covering, tubular metal tables with green composition tops, and tubular seats with cherry red leather upholstery. The tim bar is fitted with a chromium hand-rail around the top. Meals and beverages of all kinds will be served in this room throughout the entire run of the train.

The restaurant section of the car is decorated in a new and novel manner with tubular metal tables having dark composition tops, and comfortable tubular chairs with deeply upholstered seats and back rests in green leather.
Luxury Coaches

Following the dining car are three Milwaukee Road newluxury coaches -- the roomiest and most comforatble you have ever seen. Their pleasing appearance is the result of a subdued scheme of modern decoration. Dark green composition flooring, cloth covered wall paneling, large-leaf figured moquette upholstery, attractive lighting fixtures and flesh colored ceiling, all contribute to a deligfhtful atmosphere of rest and relaxation.

The club-like men’s smoking room and the women’s lounge provide the utmost in comfort. Combination overstuffed seat-sofas in the men’s room seat ten, and there is a porcelain wash basin with hot and cold running water, linen towels and a toilet annex larger than ordinary. The women’s lounge contains a combination seat-sofa with seats for four, an individual overstuffed chair, porcelain wash basins with hot and cold running water, linen towels, vanity and mirror.

The wide, deep seats in the body of the car are of the reclining type with backs individually lowered or raised. And the seat cushions are set at a comfortable angle, the front being three inches higher from the floor than the back.

The luggage rack is easily accessible and is wider and stronger than usual; diffused lights afford perfect illumination for reading or writing and may be dimmed at will for the benefit of passengers desiring to sleep. An electric water cooler at the end of the aisle provides fresh, filtered water.

New! Parlor Cars

There are two parlor cars on the Hiawatha. The first one is similar to the coaches in its general construction, while the second -- and the last car on the train -- has a striking, beaver-tailed rear end that minimizes the vacuum that ordinarily exists behind a fast-moving train.

Similar in decorative scheme to the coaches, the parlor cars have heavily carpeted floors and are equipped with deep, luxurious individual seats of the revolving-reclining type. The men’s smoking rooms and the women’s lounges are large and luxurious, while the body of the regular parlor car seats 22, and the beaver-tailed car, 24. All seatsare, or course, reserved.

From stem to stern, The Hiawatha is perfectly designed

and engineered to fulfill its special purpose of affording super-speed rail travel in complete comfort and safety. We are confident that its performance will definitely establish this new type of train as the train of the future.

No extra fare!

First! Again and Again
-- The Milwaukee Road!

First line between Chicago and the Twin Cities -- the only double tracked route.

First and only road to operate over its own rails all the way from Chicago to the North Pacific Coast.

First to adopt roller bearings for through passenger trains.

First to operate all-steel trains between Chicago and the Twin Cities; between Chicago and Seattle-Tacoma.

First to use open observation cars on transcontinental trains

First to use steam heat and electric lights on trains between Chicago and the Twin Cities.

First to operate long distance trains by electric power.

First with radio between Chicago and the Twin Cities.

First with coil spring mattresses.

First with streamstyled luxury coaches one-third lighter than standard and offering one-third more room per passenger.

And Now - -

First to have designed and built a streamlined, highspeed steam locomotive.

First to introduce a completely streamstyled super speed train of the light-heavyweight type.

First with buffet section such as is exemplified in the Tip Top Tap Room.

First with a Beaver Tail rear-end car.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Built for the 1941 American Legion Convention in Milwaukee

 

 

 

 

 

Near the end of its time, the Hiawatha near Deerfield, Ill., 1948, photographed by Fred C. Stoes

 

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